In many religious traditions, hell is a place of suffering and punishment in the afterlife. Religions with a linear divine history often depict hells as endless. Religions with a cyclic history often depict a hell as an intermediary period between incarnations. Typically these traditions locate hell under the Earth’s external surface and often include entrances to Hell from the land of the living. Other afterlife destinations include Heaven, Purgatory, Paradise, and Limbo.
Other traditions, which do not conceive of the afterlife as a place of punishment or reward, merely describe hell as an abode of the dead, a neutral place located under the surface of Earth (for example, see sheol and Hades). Modern understandings of hells often depict them abstractly, as a state of loss rather than as fiery torture literally underground, but this view of the concept of a hell can, in fact, be traced back into the ancient and medieval periods as wellHell is sometimes portrayed as populated with demons who torment those dwelling there. Many are ruled by a death god such as Nergal, Hades, Enma or the Christian and Islamic Devil (Satan or Lucifer). In Islam, the Devil does not actually reside in Hell
Hortus deliciarum manuscript
Last Judgement Fra Angelico
The Last Judgement detail Fra Angelico
Les Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry
The Fall of the Rebel Angels Bruegel
“Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour.” Peter (ch. V, v. 8)
In 1982 a geological group that drilled a hole about 12.4 kilometers deep in the crust of the earth are saying that they heard human screams. Screams have been heard from the condemned souls from earth’s deepest hole. Terrified scientists are afraid they have let loose the evil powers of hell up to the earth’s surface.’The information we are gathering is so surprising, that we are sincerely afraid of what we might find down there,’ stated D.Guberman , the manager of the project in remote Siberia.. D.Guberman “As a communist I don’t believe in heaven or the Bible but as a scientist I now believe in hell,” said D.Guberman . “Needless to say we were shocked to make such a discovery. But we know what we saw and we know what we heard. And we are absolutely convinced that we drilled through the gates of Hell!”
Satan in Council John Martin
The Last Judgement. Dirk Bouts
Hell Hans Memling
ENKIDU EXPONE LA LEY DE LOS INFIERNOS
(Epopeya de Gilgamesh)
– Dime, amigo mío; dime, amigo mío,
dime la ley que gobierna el mundo subterráneo que conoces.
– No te la diré, amigo mío; no te la diré;
si te dijese cuál es esa ley, te vería sentarte para llorar!
– Y bien, sea; yo quiero sentarme y llorar.
– Lo que has tenido cerca, lo que has acariciado y daba goce a tu corazón,
es ahora roído como un vestido por los gusanos.
Lo que has amado, lo que has acariciado y daba goce a tu corazón,
está ahora cubierto de polvo.
¡Todo se hunde en el polvo;
todo se hunde en el polvo!
Quick Guide to Hell
Hell (also known as Hades) is a place of eternal damnation in the Underworld. It is (for many travelers) the ultimate destination. Hell is popular with travelers rich and poor alike, at all times of year.
It’s a pit. A really deep pit, made up of nine concentric circles going all the way down to the center.
Flora and fauna
Although the vegetation is sparse in most parts of Hell, the Forest of Suicides in the Seventh Circle is a spectacular – albeit disturbing – sight, which has become a popular settlement area of late.Three-headed hounds roam the muddy regions of the Third Circle.
Reports vary on the climate of Hell. Reputable travelogue writer Dante Alighieri described it as dark and cold, and indescribably frigid at its center. However more recent descriptions suggest very high temperatures
Visas are available from many major religions, with the criteria varying depending on denomination. Some require a deliberate rejection of God and subsequent evil deeds, but others require only indifference, or even just a failure to faithfully execute a complex set of rites.
A small ferry crosses the River Styx as needed. Charon, the ferryman, is not a pleasant fellow, but is mostly harmless. The fare is one silver obolus
Hell has an excellent highway system. (There are no stop signs or speed limits) Take the Road of Good Intentions
Ryanair offer connections to Hell from Luton Airport
Trenitalia is currently the only national railway system to offer direct services to Hell. While fares are often quite low, you will have to make a brief connection in Purgatory before boarding one of the hourly Intercity services to Porto Inferno Centrale.
You should definitely hire a guide; the Roman poet Virgil comes highly recommended because he can bring you back out on short notice.
Things to see
Hell (Limbo, outside the First Circle) are a sight not to be missed.Phlegethon (Seventh Circle, outer ring) is the river of boiling blood, where violent sinners can be spotted, often gurgling under the surface. Fishing is not recommended.Lake Cocytus (Ninth Circle, innermost reaches) is the pristine lake of ice where you can find Satan himself, chewing in his three mouths for all eternity the tortured souls of Brutus, Cassius, and Judas.
This is no time to make new enemies.
Voltaire (1694 – 1778), when asked on his deathbed to forswear Satan.