Winslow Homer (February 24, 1836 – September 29, 1910) was an American landscape painter and printmaker, best known for his marine subjects. He is considered one of the foremost painters in 19th-century America and a preeminent figure in American art.
Largely self-taught, Homer began his career working as a commercial illustrator. He subsequently took up oil painting and produced major studio works characterized by the weight and density he exploited from the medium. He also worked extensively in watercolor, creating a fluid and prolific oeuvre, primarily chronicling his working vacations. Homer’s career as an illustrator lasted nearly twenty years. He contributed illustrations of Boston life and rural New England life to magazines such as Ballou’s Pictorial and Harper’s Weekly, at a time when the market for illustrations was growing rapidly, and when fads and fashions were changing quickly. His early works, mostly commercial engravings of urban and country social scenes, are characterized by clean outlines, simplified forms, dramatic contrast of light and dark, and lively figure groupings — qualities that remained important throughout his career. His quick success was mostly due to this strong understanding of graphic design and also to the adaptability of his designs to wood engraving.
The Gulf Stream
The West Wind
Winslow Homer (24 de febrero de 1836 – 29 de septiembre de 1910) fue un pintor naturalista estadounidense, considerado junto con Thomas Eakins como uno de los más grandes artistas de su país en el siglo XIX. Homer nació en Boston el 24 de febrero de 1836 y su formación como pintor fue, en su mayor parte, autodidacta. En 1857 comienza a trabajar como ilustrador de revistas, convirtiéndose en un colaborador asiduo de la conocida Harper’s Weekly. Sus ilustraciones, sobre todo los grabados, se caracterizaron por sus contornos nítidos, formas sencillas, acentuado contraste de luces y sombras y por sus grupos de personajes llenos de vida. Tales características se convirtieron en una constante de su producción a lo largo de toda su carrera artística.