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Léon Spilliaert (28 July 1881 – 23 November 1946) was a Belgian symbolist painter and graphic artist. Spilliaert was born in Ostend, the oldest of seven children of Léonard-Hubert Spilliaert, who was a perfumer, and Léonie (née Jonckheere). From childhood, he displayed an interest in art and drawing. A prolific doodler and autodidact, he was predominantly a self-taught artist. Sickly and reclusive, he spent most of his youth sketching scenes of ordinary life and the Belgian countryside. When he was 21, he went to work in Brussels for Edmond Deman, a publisher of the works of symbolist writers, which Spilliaert was to illustrate. He especially admired the work of Edgar Allan Poe.
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Night
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Paysage aux arbres élancés
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Solitude

Watercolor, gouache, pastel, and charcoal—often in combination—were the means by which he produced many of his best works, among which are a number of monochrome self-portraits executed in the early years of the twentieth century. A significant influence on Spilliaert was Odilon Redon, whose expressive use of black finds parallels in his own work.
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The Open Door
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Selportrait with mirror
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Digue de mer, Ostende

León Spilliaert (Oostende, 1882 – Bruselas, 1946) fue un pintor simbolista belga y un artista gráfico. Su estilo se caracteriza por el tenebrismo y la simplicidad de las formas, y la expresión amarga y misteriosa de sus personajes y paisajes.
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Women on Sea Coast